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History, pertaining to Space

The Space Travelers Web Site!

This is not just science fiction! Here is a site map for your convenience

Home References History Rockets Craft Planets Orbits Aliens Future Support Time

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Life Dinosaurs Religion? People Sea&Air Astronomy Space

Even if you have never been a history fan this page is here for you. Life started on Earth the same as it could start on any other planet. Without the dinosaurs ... well, this is the history of Earth as it pertains to space travel. You will find information about exploration, inventions, discoveries and some of the things that motivate people. History is usually viewed with detailed attention in a specific field. It is my intention to let you visit and look around. Knowledge is the difference between a guess and a decision!

The bottom of this page contains a small piece of historical information on The Rail Road with a Twist that will make you think at least a little. If you look close, you can see the future. You may want to check the Alien Page after you examine some details in this section.

This page is especially dedicated to all the courageous earthlings whom have lost their lives pursuing the thrust into space.

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Description and Information

Life

The origins of Life and some unlikely alliances. DNA, Evolution, and Chemistry: discussing the importance of Water, Air, and Carbon. I will try to keep it basic, additional pages will be more technical.

Dinosaurs

Dinosaurs, for space travel? No, this is not the movie Space Cowboys. I did mention this would be an enjoyable web site. Small changes in history can make huge differences in the future.

Religion

Religion? This will not be controversial. I will only present the facts as they pertain to space travel. Astronomy, Anatomy, Medicine and Exploration.

People

Exploration and information were not easy things to do.

Leonardo DaVinci: Living Conditions were not always good. This may get verbally graphic in places. The father of anatomy and inventor among many other things.

Sea&Air

Weapons Controlling the sea, (Sailing fleets, Pirates, Submarines and bombs)

WW1, Hot Air Balloons

WW2, Controlling the skies.

Astronomy

Astronomy for the study of the universe. The big bang theory and a few other interesting notes.

Space

A few more interesting facts from history.

Satellites

SETI space exploration and looking for aliens.

Hubble Telescope

The Space Race (also see Rockets, Orbits & Craft)

The Rail Road, with a Twist

Author Unknown

I'll bet you don't find this in your school books.

The US Standard railroad gauge (distance between the rails) is 4 feet, 8.5 inches. That seems to be a exceedingly odd number. Why was that gauge used? Because that's the way they built them in England, and English expatriates built the US railroads.

Why did the English people build them like that? Because the first rail lines were built by the same people who built the pre-railroad tramways, and that's the gauge they used. Why did "they" use that gauge then? Because the people who built the tramways used the same tools that they used for building wagons, which used that wheel spacing.

Okay then, why did the wagons use that odd wheel spacing? Well, if they tried to use any other spacing the wagons would break on some of the old, long distance roads, because that's the spacing of the old wheel ruts.

So who built these old rutted roads? The first long distance roads in Europe were built by Imperial Rome for the benefit of their legions. The roads have been used ever since. And the ruts? The initial ruts, which everyone else had to match for fear of destroying their wagons, were first made by Roman war chariots. Since the chariots were made for (or by) Imperial Rome they were all alike in the matter of wheel spacing. Thus, we have the answer to the original question. The United States' standard railroad gauge of 4 feet, 8.5 inches derives from the original specification for an Imperial Roman army war chariot. Specs and Bureaucracies live forever. So, the next time you are handed a specification and wonder what Horse's Ass came up with it, you may be exactly right. Because the Imperial Roman chariots were made to be just wide enough to accommodate the backends of two war horses.

Now the twist to the story. There's an interesting extension of the story about railroad gauge and horses' behinds. When you see a Space Shuttle sitting on the launch pad, there are two big booster rockets attached to the sides of the main fuel tank. These are the Solid Rocket Boosters, or SRBs. Thiokol makes the SRBs at a factory in Utah. The engineers who designed the SRBs might have preferred to make them a bit fatter, but the SRBs had to be shipped by train from the factory to the launch site. The railroad line to the factory runs through a tunnel in the mountains. The SRBs had to fit through that tunnel. The tunnel is slightly wider than a railroad track, and the railroad track is about as wide as two horses' behinds. So a major design feature of what is arguably the world's most advanced transportation system was determined by the width of a horse's ass. This SRB requirement meant the booster needed seams for launch area assembly, the same seams that were a major contributing factor in the Challenger explosion.

Home References History Rockets Craft Planets Orbits Aliens Future Support Time

Life Dinosaurs Religion? People Sea&Air Astronomy Space